Lori Ann Piestewa: Honorable hero Lori Ann Piestewa deserves all the tributes that will come her way. She will always be a young mother to her two children, now three and four years old. She will always be a Hopi woman who left Tuba City as a soldier and returned home to the mesa as the blessing snow. In her brief 23 years, she garnered more distinctions than most people do in triple her lifespan. Army Pfc. Piestewa was the first American servicewoman killed in action in Operation Iraqi Freedom. She was the first Hopi woman and the first Native American woman to die in combat in the service of the United States. The war had lasted only four days when her 507th Ordinance Maintenance Company was ambushed on March 23 in southwestern Iraq. She and other comrades were missing in action for 10 days, until Special Operations commandos uncovered their bodies in shallow graves at Saddam Hussein Hospital in An Nasiriyah as they rescued her roommate, Pfc. Jessica Lynch. Piestewa will be honored on Memorial Day as rose petals are placed in the reflecting pool of the Women in Military Service for America Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery. It is a gentle tribute, fitting for a soldier from a tradition of peace. The Hopi are the Hopituh Shinumu, Peaceful People. It is a fitting way to honor a person whose very name comes from water. In the Hopi language, the root of Piestewa means water pooled on the desert by a hard rain. Hopis interpret her name as the People Who Live by the Water and as the Ceremonies at the Springs. It is a good way to remember one who is with the Cloud People, those who bring the blessing rain. It is a respectful way to acknowledge a person who practiced Hopi ways. The Hopi religion is well known and appreciated in the desert southwest for its Rain Dance, a ceremonial tradition of praying for rain. It is right to commemorate her as a warrior. She comes from a long line of warriors. Her father served in Vietnam, her grandfather in World War II. Hopi code-talkers, like interpreters from many Native nations, distinguished themselves in World War II by sending secret messages in their language and gaining strategic advantages in battle. In honoring Piestewa, all the code-talkers are honored. A tribute to her is a tribute to the 45 Hopi and 12,000 other Native women and men now in the U.S. armed services. Honoring Piestewa also honors those warriors of the past, the ones who protected the traditional ways for the Native Americans of today. One of those warriors was Qotsyawma, a Paa'is (Water) clan ancestor of Piestewa. Over a century ago, Qotsyawma and other Hopi parents refused to let federal Indian agents take their children to be "civilized" in boarding school, where they would be stripped of their religion, language and family ties. Qotsyawma and 18 other Hopi men were imprisoned on Alcatraz Island for six months in 1895 for the crimes of being "hostiles" and "ringleaders" and "anti-progressive in nature." Despite the valiant resistance of their families, generations of Hopi children were subjected to corporal punishment and forced to learn different customs, but the result was not the intended one. Most Hopis did not abandon their old ways; rather, they incorporated the new ways into their ancient traditions. Eventually, almost all of the federal Indian boarding schools were closed and their abusive methods were exposed and discredited. For Piestewa, this meant that she was not forced to give up her Hopi ways - she took part in both Hopi and Catholic ceremonies - and could pursue activities of her choice: she played softball and was the ROTC commander. The Arizona Republic is advocating another honor for Piestewa. The newspaper takes the editorial position that the mountain in the middle of Phoenix should be named Piestewa Peak. It is a fitting tribute because Arizona is her home - near the Grand Canyon and the Painted Desert, in the red rocks country on the Navajo side of the border between the Hopi and Navajo reservations. Native nations own one-fifth of the land in the state. All would be honored through her. Piestewa Peak would honor all veterans. Piestewa Peak would honor all women. Piestewa Peak would end the shameful practice of calling the mountain Squaw Peak. The name comes from a word in certain Native languages in the northeast U.S. that means a woman's private parts. The word is not vulgar unless it is used to refer to a Native woman or a whole person of any kind. It is not a proper name for a person or a place. Renaming the mountain for the Hopi mother and hero should be done. She was a strong woman and deserves a strong symbol. What better monument than a mountain. If current federal rules need to be tweaked, Sen. John McCain and Rep. J.D. Hayworth are ideally suited to get the job done, as representatives of Arizona and in their positions in Congress on the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs and Native American Caucus. Piestewa Peak is honorable and elegant. Suzan Shown Harjo, Cheyenne and Hodulgee Muscogee, is president of the Morning Star Institute in Washington, D.C., and a columnist for Indian Country Today.
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